Guide to the laning phase of League of Legends

Guide to the laning phase of League of Legends

League of Legends is a complex and dynamic game that involves multiple phases, each with its own set of challenges and strategies. One of the most crucial phases in the game is the laning phase. This early-game stage sets the tone for the rest of the match and can significantly impact your team’s chances of victory. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve deep into Guide to the laning phase of League of Legends, covering everything from basic mechanics to advanced strategies. Whether you’re a beginner looking to improve your laning skills or an experienced player aiming to refine your technique, this guide has something for everyone.

Understanding the Laning Phase

Guide to the laning phase of League of Legends
Guide to the laning phase of League of Legends

The laning phase typically lasts from the start of the game until around the 15 to 20-minute mark, although it can vary depending on the match’s pace. During this phase, players focus on their individual lanes and prioritize farming minions, harassing their opponents, and trying to secure kills. The primary objectives of the laning phase are as follows:

  1. Farm Gold and Experience: The most fundamental aspect of the laning phase is farming. Last-hitting minions (also known as CS or creep score) grants you gold and experience points, which are essential for leveling up and purchasing items. To maximize your impact on the game, it’s crucial to prioritize CSing efficiently.
  2. Trade and Harass: Trading involves exchanging damage with your lane opponent. Effective trading can lead to advantages in lane by forcing your opponent to recall or securing kills. Harassing your opponent with poke abilities can gradually wear them down and create opportunities for all-ins.
  3. Map Awareness: While focusing on your own lane, it’s vital to maintain awareness of the minimap and any potential threats from the enemy jungler or roaming opponents. Warding key areas and communicating with your team about missing enemies is crucial for laning safely.
  4. Objective Control: In some cases, the laning phase may involve contesting objectives like the Rift Herald or Dragon. Coordinating with your team and securing these objectives can give your team a significant advantage.

Choosing Your Role and Champion

Before diving into the laning phase, it’s essential to understand your role on the team and select a champion that suits that role. League of Legends features five primary roles, each with its own responsibilities:

  1. Top Lane: Typically played by bruisers, tanks, or split-pushers. Top laners often focus on maintaining map pressure, dueling their lane opponent, and joining team fights later in the game.
  2. Jungle: Junglers clear jungle camps and control objectives like Dragon and Baron Nashor. They also provide gank pressure in lanes, helping teammates secure kills.
  3. Mid Lane: Mid laners are often mages or assassins. They have a central role in the map, providing damage and crowd control in team fights while also roaming to assist other lanes.
  4. Bot Lane – ADC: The Attack Damage Carry (ADC) is responsible for dealing consistent physical damage in team fights. They are usually paired with a support champion in the bottom lane.
  5. Bot Lane – Support: Supports assist the ADC in the bottom lane by providing crowd control, healing, and vision control. They are responsible for setting up kills and protecting their ADC.

Once you’ve identified your role, you can select a champion that aligns with your team’s composition and strategy. Consider your champion’s strengths and weaknesses, as well as their synergy with your team’s picks.

Laning Mechanics and Fundamentals

Guide to the laning phase of League of Legends
Guide to the laning phase of League of Legends


Farming minions is the primary way to acquire gold and experience in the laning phase. To farm effectively:

  • Last-Hitting: Aim to deliver the killing blow to minions. This ensures you receive the gold and experience.
  • Wave Management: Understand wave management techniques like freezing (keeping the minion wave in one place), slow pushing (gradually building up a wave), and fast pushing (quickly clearing waves).
  • Last-Hit Under Tower: Learn the tower’s damage output and how to last-hit under tower. Melee minions usually require two tower shots and one auto-attack, while ranged minions need one auto-attack followed by one tower hit.

Trading and Harassing

Trading and harassing involve dealing damage to your lane opponent while taking as little damage as possible in return. Key concepts to consider include:

  • Trading Stance: Position yourself aggressively when trading and defensively when not. Avoid standing within the opponent’s threat range when not trading.
  • Cooldowns and Abilities: Track your opponent’s abilities and summoner spells. Look for windows of opportunity when their important abilities are on cooldown.
  • Minion Aggro: Attacking an opponent while in the enemy minion wave will draw minion aggro, causing them to attack you. Be mindful of this when trading.

Map Awareness and Vision

Map awareness is crucial to avoid ganks and make informed decisions. Use wards and keep an eye on the minimap to:

  • Ward Placement: Ward key locations, including river entrances and brush in your lane. Pink wards can also be used for long-lasting vision control.
  • Minimap Glances: Periodically glance at the minimap to track enemy movements and identify potential threats or opportunities.
  • MIA Pings: Alert your team with MIA (missing in action) pings when your lane opponent is missing to prevent them from roaming undetected.

Coordinating with Your Team

Effective communication with your team can be the difference between success and failure in the laning phase. Coordinate with your teammates to:

  • Ping Objectives: Use pings to signal when you want to take objectives like Dragon or Rift Herald.
  • Coordinate Ganks: Inform your jungler or other lanes when you want to set up a gank or when you need assistance.
  • Recall Timing: Communicate your plans to recall so your team can adjust their playstyle accordingly.

Champion-Specific Laning Tips

Each champion has unique abilities and matchups that require specific strategies. Here are some champion-specific tips:

  • Tank Champions: Tanks should focus on absorbing damage and initiating fights. Use your crowd control abilities to peel for your team or lock down key targets.
  • Assassin Champions: Assassins excel at picking off vulnerable enemies. Look for opportunities to roam and secure kills in other lanes.
  • Mage Champions: Mages should use their ranged abilities to poke and harass opponents. Farm safely and prioritize vision to avoid ganks.
  • ADC Champions: ADCs should prioritize farming and deal consistent damage in team fights. Position yourself carefully to avoid threats and focus on attacking the nearest enemy.
  • Support Champions: Supports should protect their ADC, set up kills, and provide vision control. Roaming to assist other lanes when necessary can also be beneficial.

Advanced Laning Strategies

Guide to the laning phase of League of Legends
Guide to the laning phase of League of Legends

For players looking to take their laning phase to the next level, here are some advanced strategies to consider:

Wave Manipulation

  • Freezing: Freezing the wave near your tower denies the enemy laner CS and sets up gank opportunities for your jungler.
  • Wave Bouncing: Push the wave into the enemy tower, allowing it to bounce back towards your side of the lane. This can create a safer position to farm and open up opportunities for ganks.


  • Roaming Mid Lane: Mid laners can roam to top or bot lane to assist with ganks. Coordinate with your jungler for successful roams.
  • Support Roaming: Supports can roam mid or help the jungler invade and secure vision in the river or enemy jungle.

Vision Control

  • Control Wards: Invest in control wards to deny enemy vision and maintain control over key areas of the map.
  • Sweeping Lenses: Use the Sweeping Lens trinket to clear enemy wards and control vision around objectives.


The laning phase in League of Legends is a critical aspect of the game that demands a combination of mechanical skill, game knowledge, and teamwork. Mastering the fundamentals of farming, trading, map awareness, and champion-specific strategies will significantly improve your performance in this phase of the game.

Remember that practice is key to becoming a better laner. Analyze your games, learn from your mistakes, and adapt your strategies based on the situation. As you gain experience and refine your skills, you’ll find yourself becoming a more formidable presence in the laning phase, and ultimately, a more valuable asset to your team’s success in League of Legends.

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