How to play ADC in League of Legends

How to play ADC in League of Legends

League of Legends, developed by Riot Games, is one of the most popular and competitive online multiplayer games in the world. The game’s complexity and strategic depth make it appealing to millions of players worldwide. One of the crucial roles in the game is the ADC (Attack Damage Carry), also known as the Marksman. As an ADC, your primary objective is to deal consistent and high physical damage from a distance, making you a vital asset to your team’s success. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into How to play ADC in League of Legends, from champion selection and laning phase to positioning in team fights and maximizing your damage output.

1. Understanding the ADC Role

How to play ADC in League of Legends
How to play ADC in League of Legends

Before diving into the mechanics and strategies of playing ADC, it’s essential to comprehend the role’s significance and responsibilities. The ADC is typically paired with a support in the bot lane. Throughout the game, the ADC’s role evolves as follows:

Early Game:

  • Farming: Focus on last-hitting minions to accumulate gold and experience. Prioritize safe farming over risky plays, as your primary goal early on is to scale into the late game.
  • Trading: Utilize your auto-attacks and abilities to trade damage with the enemy laners. However, avoid extended trades that can leave you vulnerable to ganks or all-ins.

Mid Game:

  • Rotations: Transition from the laning phase to mid-game rotations. Group with your team to secure objectives like Dragon, Rift Herald, and participate in skirmishes.
  • Turret Pushing: Capitalize on successful team fights or picks to take down enemy turrets.

Late Game:

  • Team Fights: Position yourself carefully to deal consistent damage while staying safe from threats. You are the main source of sustained damage in team fights.
  • Objective Control: Prioritize Baron and Elder Dragon fights as they can sway the game’s outcome significantly.

2. Champion Selection

Selecting the right champion is crucial for maximizing your effectiveness as an ADC. Some ADC champions excel in certain situations, while others may struggle. Here are the key factors to consider when choosing an ADC:

a) Meta and Patch Notes:

Stay updated with the current meta and patch notes. Champions’ strengths and weaknesses can change with each patch, so keep an eye on balance changes and tier lists.

b) Synergy with Support:

Coordinate with your support to pick champions that complement each other. Some ADC-support duos have natural synergy, making the laning phase more manageable.

c) Team Composition:

Consider your team’s overall composition when picking an ADC. If your team lacks crowd control, you may want to choose an ADC with CC abilities to help set up plays.

d) Personal Preference:

Ultimately, choose a champion you enjoy playing and feel comfortable with. Mastery of a champion is more valuable than picking the “best” one in the meta.

3. Mastering Laning Phase

How to play ADC in League of Legends
How to play ADC in League of Legends

The laning phase sets the tone for the rest of the game, and as an ADC, you need to focus on the following aspects:

a) Farming:

Last-hitting minions is your primary source of income. Work on improving your CS (Creep Score) by practicing in custom games and developing good timing.

b) Trading:

Trading effectively with the enemy bot lane is crucial. Understand your champion’s power spikes and look for opportunities to harass the opponents when they overextend or misposition.

c) Map Awareness:

Keep an eye on the minimap and communicate with your support about missing enemy champions, potential ganks, and opportunities to roam.

d) Warding:

Vision is essential for avoiding ganks and keeping track of the enemy jungler. Work with your support to establish vision control in the bot lane and river.

e) Back Timings:

Coordinate with your support to back at appropriate times to spend your gold efficiently. Avoid backing when a large wave is crashing into your turret, as you may lose significant CS.

4. Positioning in Team Fights

In team fights, positioning is the key to survival and maximizing your damage output. As an ADC, follow these guidelines:

a) Stay at the Backline:

Position yourself behind your frontline and avoid getting caught in crowd control abilities or assassins’ engage.

b) Attack the Closest Target:

Focus on attacking the closest enemy champion within your attack range. Tunnel vision on high-value targets might lead to unsafe positioning.

c) Kite and Orbwalk:

Master the technique of kiting, which involves attacking and moving between attacks to maintain distance from pursuers. Orbwalking, or animation canceling, helps maximize your attack speed and mobility.

d) Be Patient:

Wait for key enemy abilities to be used before fully committing to the fight. Being patient can prevent you from getting burst down quickly.

e) Respect Fog of War:

Avoid face-checking brushes or unwarded areas. Enemies could be waiting to ambush you, and one misstep can be fatal.

5. Maximizing Damage Output

As the primary source of sustained damage on your team, it’s essential to optimize your damage output:

a) Itemization:

Build items that synergize with your champion’s kit and the situation. Critical Strike (Crit) and Attack Damage (AD) are typical stats to focus on, but consider Armor Penetration (ArPen) or other situational items when appropriate.

b) Farm Consistently:

Maintaining a high CS throughout the game ensures you have the gold needed to purchase items and scale effectively.

c) Ability Usage:

Use your champion’s abilities efficiently during team fights to maximize your damage potential. Combos and timing are crucial.

d) Positioning (Reiterated):

Proper positioning allows you to safely deal damage for more extended periods, contributing significantly to your team’s success.

6. Dealing with Challenges

How to play ADC in League of Legends
How to play ADC in League of Legends

Playing ADC isn’t always smooth sailing. You’ll encounter various challenges, such as:

a) Dealing with Assassins:

Learn to position and time your abilities to escape from assassins diving on you in team fights.

b) Facing Tanky Frontlines:

When dealing with tanky enemy frontlines, build Armor Penetration items to shred through their resistances.

c) Surviving Lane Bullies:

Against aggressive laners, prioritize safe farming and avoid trading unless you have an advantage.

d) Maintaining Mental Resilience:

ADC can be a high-pressure role, so maintaining a positive mindset is essential even when things aren’t going well.


Mastering the ADC role in League of Legends requires dedication, practice, and strategic thinking. Understanding your role’s responsibilities, champion selection, and various gameplay mechanics will help you become a valuable asset to your team. Keep learning from your experiences, watching professional players, and experimenting with different champions and playstyles. With perseverance and a growth mindset, you’ll become a formidable ADC and contribute to many victorious games in the League of Legends universe. Good luck on the Rift!

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